A Brief history of MINI
Few cars can have ever had the same impact as that of the Mini, in fact in a poll of the most influential cars of the twentieth century the Mini was beaten by only one other car, the Model T Ford. With a design brief influenced by necessity no one could have predicted how popular the Mini would go on to become.
1956 was a year that saw petrol rationing being reintroduced to Britain as a consequence of the Suez crisis, sales of larger cars slumped and as a result Alec Issigonis was given a design brief by Leonard Lord (the then head of the British Motor Corporation), to build a radical new car, the main requirements being that the whole car should be able to fit into a box measuring 10 feet x 4 feet x 4feet and that six feet of this box should be devoted to passenger occupation.
Without doubt the greatest innovation on the Mini was the fact that the engine was turned sideways, the gearbox was mounted beneath it in the oil sump and because of this it could be squeezed in to drive the front wheels, using far less space than any rivals at the time. Many hurdles had to be overcome to get this new radical design to work, but within two years Issigonis had a working prototype to show Leonard Lord.
Two years later, in the April of 1959, the Mini was demonstrated to the press and by August of the same year thousands of Mini's had been produced ready to go on sale to the general public. Although sales were modest to begin with, they soon picked up with over one million Mk I mini's being sold throughout the sixties, unbelievably the basic Mini never turned in a profit through this period because it was sold for less than it cost to produce, this may well have been to stay competitive, however it has also been rumoured that this was a mistake that can be traced back to the accounting department.
From those humble beginnings the Mini has had many variations and derivatives over the decades and has become the most popular british car in the world, all this was however to come to an end in 2000 with the collapse of MG Rover. Or was it, BMW now owned MG Rover and after the last Mini was built ownership of the Mini brand reverted back to BMW. Seeing how popular the Mini had been over the past four decades, BMW decided to design and build a brand new Mini. Reaction from the Mini purists is mixed, the public however have no misgivings and the new BMW MINI is proving to be just as popular as the old Mini.